Hyla is Greek and means "belonging to the woods".
cinerea is Latin for "ash-colored", Referring to color of a preserved specimen.
1.3 - 2.3 in. (3.2 - 5.7 cm
Virginia Record Length:
2.5 (6.4 cm)
PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: This is a large but slender hylid species with lengths ranging from 32-64 mm (1.25-2.5 in) *1014* *11407*. It has long legs and smooth skin *1014*. The dorsum is typically bright green but variations include a nearly yellow color to a slate gray color. There are typically small golden spots on the dorsum. The ventrum is plain white. There is typically a white or yellowish stripe along the side though its length varies and it may even be absent. The male breeding call is described as a nasal, bell-like "queenk" repeated up to 75 times a minute *1014* *11407*.
REPRODUCTION: Breeding typically occurs in May and June *1014*. The male breeding call is described as a nasal, bell-like "queenk" repeated up to 75 times a minute *1014* *11407*. Calling males form extremely large choruses of 100's or even 1000's of individuals *11407*. Silent males exhibit satellite behavior during which they congregate close to calling males and intercept receptive females moving into the area *11406*. Females lay a clutch of 400-700 eggs amid floating vegetation in ponds and marshes *1014* *11406*. The eggs develop in an average of 2 days; feeding larvae develop in 35-60 days *11407* *11406*. Newly transformed froglets are 12-17 mm long *1014*. Most females breed once per season, some breed twice *11406*. Age at first reproduction is typically less than or about 1 year *11406*.
BEHAVIOR: This species is typically found in swamps and along the edges of lakes and streams *1014* *11407*. They prefer floating or emergent vegetation *1014*. During daylight, this species is well camouflaged while resting motionlessly on plants including cattail reeds *1014*. At night, they are more active and can be found on or near houses. They are attracted to the insects that gather near the lights surrounding our houses *1014* *11407*. Large congresses of calling males gather during breeding *11407*. Non-calling males exhibit satellite behavior in which they gather close to calling males and intercept receptive females moving into the breeding pond *11406*. Prey is detected visually using a sit and wait strategy. Most prey captures occur following visual detection and a short pursuit *11406*. This species is an opportunistic feeder, preying upon caterpillars, beetles, and other arthropods *11284*.
LIMITING FACTORS: This species requires habitats well-supplied with water or dampness and abundant shrubs *11284* *11407*. POPULATION PARAMETERS: One study found the survival rate of young adult females to be 44% *11406*.
AQUATIC/TERRESTRIAL ASSOCIATIONS: This species is found along the edges of lakes, ponds, streams and marshes. It prefers floating or emergent vegetation *1014* *11407*. They occasionally will enter brackish water *11407*. OTHER:
References for Life History
- 1014 - Martof, B.S., Palmer, W.M., Bailey, J.R., Harrison, III J.R., 1980, Amphibians and Reptiles of the Carolinas and Virginia, 264 pgs., UNC Press, Chapel Hill, NC
- 11284 - Wilson, L.A., 1995, Land manager's guide to the amphibians and reptiles of the South, 360 pp. pgs., The Nature Conservancy, Southeastern Region, Chapel Hill, NC
- 11406 - Duellman, William E. and, Trueb, Linda, 1986, Biology of Amphibians, 671 pgs., The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore
- 11407 - Conant, Roger and, Collins, John T., 1998, Peterson Field Guide: Reptiles and Amphibians, Eastern/Central North America, 616 pgs., Houghton Mifflin Company;, Boston
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Verified County/City Occurrence
Charles City County
Isle of Wight County
James City County
King and Queen County
King George County
King William County
New Kent County
Newport News City
Prince Edward County
Prince George County
Prince William County
Virginia Beach City
Verified in 53 Counties/Cities.