Dwarf Waterdog
Necturus punctatus

Common Name:

Dwarf Waterdog

Scientific Name:

Necturus punctatus



nektos is Greek for "swimming", oura is Greek for "tail".


punctatus is Latin meaning "having spots or points". Referring to the spotted dorsum.

Average Length:

4.5 - 6.25 in. (11.5 - 15.9 cm)

Virginia Record Length:

Record length:

7.4 in. (18.9 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier III - High Conservation Need - Extinction or extirpation is possible. Populations of these species are in decline or have declined to low levels or are in a restricted range. Management action is needed to stabilize or increase populations.

Reproduction: Nests have not been discovered, but small specimens appear in the fall. Females attach eggs to the underside of logs.*1014* The life span is greater than 10 years *1014,1009*. It is a permanently gilled species. Adults are slate gray to brownish in color. Some populations have small dark spots. Females have proportionately longer tales. Adults measure 11.5-19 cm TL.*11305*

References for Life History

  • 1009 - Bishop, S.C., 1943, Handbook of Salamanders, 555 pgs., Comstock Publ. Co., New York, NY
  • 1014 - Martof, B.S., Palmer, W.M., Bailey, J.R., Harrison, III J.R., 1980, Amphibians and Reptiles of the Carolinas and Virginia, 264 pgs., UNC Press, Chapel Hill, NC
  • 11305 - Petranka, J.W., 1998, Salamanders of the United States and Canada, 587 pp. pgs., Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC


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Verified County/City Occurrence

Dinwiddie County
Greensville County
Prince George County
Sussex County
Verified in 4 Counties/Cities.

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