Southern Two-lined Salamander
Eurycea cirrigera

Common Name:

Southern Two-lined Salamander

Scientific Name:

Eurycea cirrigera

Etymology:

Genus:

Eurycea has no known meaning, but is thought to be mythological in nature.

Species:

cirrigera is Latin meaning "having a lock or curl of hair". Referring to pendant nasolabial found in sexually active males.

Average Length:

2.5 - 3.3 in. (6.4 - 9.5 cm)

Virginia Record Length:

Record length:

4.3 in. (11 cm)

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: 14 costal grooves; dorsolateral dark stripe usually continued on the tail to its tip; adult males with prominent circi; sides below dark stripe often brown and white, mottled or with a series of white spots in a line above the legs; belly yellowish; length to 98 mm *1009*.

REPRODUCTION: Clutch size is about 50 eggs; these hatch in the spring *1009*; courtship in fall; eggs laid in winter and spring *1014*.

BEHAVIOR: Found under rocks, logs and leaves in the river and creek swamps and the outlets of springs *1009*; hardwood forests and swamps *1014*.

For additional information see: The Distribution and Identification of Two-lined Salamanders in Virginia

References for Life History

  • 1009 - Bishop, S.C., 1943, Handbook of Salamanders, 555 pgs., Comstock Publ. Co., New York, NY
  • 1014 - Martof, B.S., Palmer, W.M., Bailey, J.R., Harrison, III J.R., 1980, Amphibians and Reptiles of the Carolinas and Virginia, 264 pgs., UNC Press, Chapel Hill, NC

Photos:

*Click on a thumbnail for a larger version.


Verified County/City Occurrence

Accomack County
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Verified in 86 Counties/Cities.



FROGS

Virginia is home to 28 species of frogs and toads.

SALAMANDERS

We have a large diversity of salamanders consisting of 56 different species and subspecies.

LIZARDS

Virginia is home to 9 native lizard species and two introduced species, the Mediterranean Gecko and the Italian Wall Lizard.

SNAKES

The Commonwealth is home to 34 species and subspecies of snake. Only 3 species are venomous.

TURTLES

Virginia has 25 species and subspecies of turtle. Five of these species are sea turtle.