Three-lined Salamander
Eurycea guttolineata

Common Name:

Three-lined Salamander

Scientific Name:

Eurycea guttolineata

Etymology:

Genus:

Eurycea has no known meaning, but is thought to be mythological in nature.

Species:

gutta is Latin for "spot", lineata is Latin for "lined".  This refers to the three dorsal lines formed by its spots.

Average Length:

4 - 6.3 in. (10 - 15.9 cm)

Virginia Record Length:

Record length:

7.9 in. (20 cm)

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: This species has a narrow, black, mid-dorsal line within a tan or yellow dorsal band. The upper sides are black, and the venter mottled gray and dull yellow. The sides of tail have imperfect vertical black bars and narrow yellow interspaces. This species is 183 mm long with 14 costal grooves *1009*. The tail becomes proportionally longer relative to body length as juveniles grow and often composes 60-65% of the total length of adults.*11305*

REPRODUCTION: Gravid females are found in November *1009*, and sexual maturity is reached the summer following transformation. This species breeds in autumn or winter *1014*.

BEHAVIOR: This species is most abundant in river-bottom swamps and the vicinity of springs and streams where seepage keeps the ground moist. They are nocturnal *1009*, and found under logs, stones, and debris along stream bottomlands *1014*.

References for Life History

  • 1009 - Bishop, S.C., 1943, Handbook of Salamanders, 555 pgs., Comstock Publ. Co., New York, NY
  • 1014 - Martof, B.S., Palmer, W.M., Bailey, J.R., Harrison, III J.R., 1980, Amphibians and Reptiles of the Carolinas and Virginia, 264 pgs., UNC Press, Chapel Hill, NC
  • 11305 - Petranka, J.W., 1998, Salamanders of the United States and Canada, 587 pp. pgs., Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC

Photos:

*Click on a thumbnail for a larger version.


Verified County/City Occurrence

Albemarle County
Amelia County
Amherst County
Arlington County
Bedford County
Brunswick County
Campbell County
Caroline County
Charlotte County
Chesterfield County
Culpeper County
Cumberland County
Dinwiddie County
Fairfax City
Fairfax County
Falls Church City
Fauquier County
Floyd County
Fluvanna County
Franklin County
Gloucester County
Goochland County
Greensville County
Halifax County
Hanover County
Henrico County
Isle of Wight County
James City County
King William County
Loudoun County
Louisa County
Lunenburg County
Lynchburg City
Madison County
Mecklenburg County
Middlesex County
Nelson County
New Kent County
Newport News City
Patrick County
Pittsylvania County
Powhatan County
Prince Edward County
Prince William County
Rappahannock County
Richmond City
Rockbridge County
Southampton County
Spotsylvania County
Stafford County
Warren County
Westmoreland County
Williamsburg City
York County
Verified in 54 Counties/Cities.



FROGS

Virginia is home to 28 species of frogs and toads.

SALAMANDERS

We have a large diversity of salamanders consisting of 56 different species and subspecies.

LIZARDS

Virginia is home to 9 native lizard species and two introduced species, the Mediterranean Gecko and the Italian Wall Lizard.

SNAKES

The Commonwealth is home to 34 species and subspecies of snake. Only 3 species are venomous.

TURTLES

Virginia has 25 species and subspecies of turtle. Five of these species are sea turtle.