Yonahlossee Salamander
Plethodon yonahlossee

Common Name:

Yonahlossee Salamander

Scientific Name:

Plethodon yonahlossee

Etymology:

Genus:

plethore is Greek meaning "fullness or full of",  odon is Greek for "teeth". Referring to  the number of paravomerine and vomerine teeth.

Species:

Average Length:

4.5 - 7 in. (11.5 - 18 cm)

Virginia Record Length:

Record length:

8.7 in. (22.1 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier IV - Moderate Conservation Need - The species may be rare in parts of its range, particularly on the periphery. Populations of these species have demonstrated a significant declining trend or one is suspected which, if continued, is likely to qualify this species for a higher tier in the foreseeable future. Long-term planning is necessary to stabilize or increase populations.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Belly and throat lightly pigmented and sometimes blotched, lighter than back; costal grooves usually 15, occasionally 16; intercostal folds between toes of appressed limbs 0-1; length to 165 mm *1009*; bright red back and profuse gray or white spotting on lower sides *1014*.

BEHAVIOR: Occurs between 3200 and 5000 feet on wooded slopes of mountains; hides by day beneath logs and stone or occasionally beneath the bark of a rotted log *1009*; inhabits hillsides and ravines, often where rock slides are thickly carpeted with mosses and ferns *1014*.

REPRODUCTION: It is believed that eggs are laid underground with direct development following, hatching is thought to occur in late summer and fall; it is thought that they become sexually mature at 4 years or more of age *10812*.

References for Life History

  • 1009 - Bishop, S.C., 1943, Handbook of Salamanders, 555 pgs., Comstock Publ. Co., New York, NY
  • 1014 - Martof, B.S., Palmer, W.M., Bailey, J.R., Harrison, III J.R., 1980, Amphibians and Reptiles of the Carolinas and Virginia, 264 pgs., UNC Press, Chapel Hill, NC
  • 10812 - Organ, J.A., 1990, Salamander Survey Section One 1990, Prepared for the Mount Rogers National Recreation Area, Jefferson National Forest, 40 pgs., Dept. of Bio. of the City College of New York, New York

Photos:

*Click on a thumbnail for a larger version.


Verified County/City Occurrence

Carroll County
Floyd County
Grayson County
Pulaski County
Smyth County
Washington County
Wythe County
Verified in 7 Counties/Cities.



FROGS

Virginia is home to 28 species of frogs and toads.

SALAMANDERS

We have a large diversity of salamanders consisting of 56 different species and subspecies.

LIZARDS

Virginia is home to 9 native lizard species and two introduced species, the Mediterranean Gecko and the Italian Wall Lizard.

SNAKES

The Commonwealth is home to 34 species and subspecies of snake. Only 3 species are venomous.

TURTLES

Virginia has 25 species and subspecies of turtle. Five of these species are sea turtle.