Frog Identification Keys - Main Page

Acris | Anaxyrus(Bufo) | Gastrophryne | Hyla | Lithobates(Rana) | Pseudacris | Scaphiopus


Key identification features of frogs



Key identification features of toads


The paratoid glands are very distinct. Skin has rough texture and often appears warty - Anaxyrus (Bufo)


Tympanum absent. Prominent fold across the head just behind the eyes; Very stocky appearance with small head; all toes essentially equal in diameter; pupil of eye horizontal - Gastrophryne


The paratoid glands absent or barely noticeable; skin glandular to smooth - Lithobates (Rana)


Tympanum present. ....Treefrogs - Acris, Pseudacris and Hyla

Hind Feet Drawings:

Acris

Pseudacris

Hyla

Northern Cricket Frog

Southern Cricket Frog

Chorus Frogs

True Treefrogs

Diameter of terminal discs equal to the diameter of the toes

Diameter of terminal discs slightly larger than the diameter of the toes

Diameter of terminal discs much larger than the diameter of the toes


Light dorsal lines originating at each eye and running down the back to form the shape of a lyre; pupil of eye vertical; Spade-like tubercle on hind foot. pectoral glands present on chest - Scaphiopus

Pupils is vertical or "cat-like". All other frogs and toads found in Virginia have horizontal pupils.
Single black spade on each hind foot.   

FROGS

Virginia is home to 28 species of frogs and toads.

SALAMANDERS

We have a large diversity of salamanders consisting of 56 different species and subspecies.

LIZARDS

Virginia is home to 9 native lizard species and two introduced species, the Mediterranean Gecko and the Italian Wall Lizard.

SNAKES

The Commonwealth is home to 34 species and subspecies of snake. Only 3 species are venomous.

TURTLES

Virginia has 25 species and subspecies of turtle. Five of these species are sea turtle.

Conservation • Education • Research

BOX TURTLE REPORTING

SPADEFOOT REPORTING

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