Virginia Snakes Sorted by Length

Virginia Snake Identification Guide


*NOTE: The largest snake recorded in Virginia history was a harmless, Eastern Ratsnake which measured 79.8 inches (6 foot - 7 inches) in total length.


Common
Name

Average Adult
Length in Inches
Virginia Record
Length in Inches
Record
Length
Dorsal
Pattern

Southeastern Crowned Snake

8 - 10 9.9 13 Uniformed color

Rough Earthsnake

7 - 10 11.6 12.8 Uniform color

Eastern Wormsnake

7 - 11 12.6 15 Uniform color

Smooth Earthsnake

7 - 10 12.6 15.5 Uniform color

Mountain Earthsnake

7 - 10 12.6 15.5 Uniform color

Northern Brownsnake

9 - 13 14.9 19.3 Spots

Northern Red-bellied Snake

8 - 10 15 16 Stripes

Northern Ring-necked Snake

10 - 15 19.5 27.8 Uniform color

Southern Ring-necked Snake

10 - 14 19.5 27.8 Uniform color

Smooth Green Snake

12 - 20 22.4 26 Uniform color
Snakes with a Virginia Record Length of Over 2 Feet

Northern Scarletsnake

14 - 20 25.6 32.6 Straight bands

Queen Snake

15 - 24 28.1 36.3 Stripes

Glossy Crayfish Snake

14 - 24 30.5 31.4 Stripes
Snakes with a Virginia Record Length of Over 3 Feet

Rough Greensnake

22 - 32 37.3 45.6 Uniform color

Eastern Ribbonsnake

18 - 26 38 38 Stripes

Eastern Milk Snake

24 - 36 42.2 52 Blotches

Eastern Gartersnake

18 - 26 43.3 48.7 Stripes

Eastern Hog-nosed Snake

20 - 33 44.5 45.5 Uniform color/Blotches

Mole Kingsnake

30 - 40 46.8 47 Blotches
Snakes with a Virginia Record Length of Over 4 Feet

Northern Copperhead (** Venomous **)

24 - 36 48 53 Hourglass bands

Northern Watersnake

24 - 42 54.1 55.3 Blotches

Corn Snake

30 - 48 56.7 72 Blotches

Red-bellied Watersnake

30 - 48 58 62 Blotches/Uniform color

Eastern Mudsnake

40 - 54 58.6 81.5 Blotches
Snakes with a Virginia Record Length of Over 5 Feet

Eastern Cottonmouth (** Venomous **)

30 - 48 60.5 74 Hourglass bands

Eastern Kingsnake

36 - 48 63.8 82 Straight bands

Eastern Black Kingsnake

36 - 45 63.8 82 Uniform/Straight bands

Common Rainbow Snake

27 - 48 66 68.2 Stripes

Northern Pinesnake

48 - 66 66.1 83 Blotches
Timber Rattlesnake (** Venomous **) 36 - 60 67.1 74.5 Zigzag bands

Brown Watersnake

30 - 60 68.7 69.5 Blotches

Northern Black Racer

36 - 60 70.7 73 Uniform color
Snakes with a Virginia Record Length of Over 6 Feet

Eastern Ratsnake

42 - 72 79.8 101 Uniform color



Dorsal Patterns

Straight Bands
Spots
Stripes
Hourglass Bands
Zigzag Bands
Blotches

Ventral Patterns

Rows
Spots
Checkerboard

Illustrations by Mike J. Pinder


FROGS

Virginia is home to 28 species of frogs and toads.

SALAMANDERS

We have a large diversity of salamanders consisting of 56 different species and subspecies.

LIZARDS

Virginia is home to 9 native lizard species and two introduced species, the Mediterranean Gecko and the Italian Wall Lizard.

SNAKES

The Commonwealth is home to 34 species and subspecies of snake. Only 3 species are venomous.

TURTLES

Virginia has 25 species and subspecies of turtle. Five of these species are sea turtle.